Thinking about death probably isn’t your idea of a fun weekend activity. Considering the probate process, and how to avoid probate, likely isn’t high on your list either.
But estate planning is an important topic. With some thought, you can help ensure that attorney fees, court costs, or taxes don’t eat up too much of your legacy.
You might not be thinking about leaving a legacy just yet if you’re younger and focusing on growing your nest egg or paying for college. But as you move closer to retirement, you may begin to think more about income generation and capital preservation—and leaving something behind.
Leaving as Big a Legacy as Possible
As you start to think about priorities for your legacy, probate considerations may come more into focus, says Matthew Sadowsky, director of retirement and annuities at TD Ameritrade. Probate is the legal process of administering someone’s estate after they die.
Probate court can be expensive—in some states, attorney and court fees consume up to 5% of an estate’s value—and ties up property for months or even more than a year, according to legal information provider Nolo.
Assets that are removed from your Estate can avoid the probate process, Sadowsky says. If you can avoid the probate process, more of your assets can go to your beneficiary instead of attorney and court costs, and potentially less on estate taxes.
are one way to do this because you can name beneficiaries to inherit any leftover money—or even a guaranteed minimum—after you die, regardless of whether you have a will.
Another reason you might want to use an annuity to avoid probate court is that the probate process is open to the public—and those sometimes-contentious relatives. Using estate planning strategies, such as annuities, to remove assets from the probate process can help to avoid public disclosure of estate details.
Sadowsky says that avoiding probate is a feature that people often don’t think about when buying annuities. “It’s not the reason for the transaction,” he says, but “it’s often the gravy on the meal.”
In addition to inheritance tax avoidance and other death benefits, there are other potential benefits that can come from annuities, such as tax deferral, tax-advantaged income, and guaranteed income, Sadowsky says.
But, as with many investments, annuities are complex products, and they aren’t for everybody. If you’re considering an annuity, it’s important to educate yourself on the benefits and disadvantages. You can also contact an annuity specialist.
Other Avenues to Avoid Probate
In addition to annuities, you can also use an irrevocable trust to avoid probate because, unlike revocable living trusts, you can’t pull assets in these trusts back into your estate, Sadowsky says.
Of course, you can also give away assets while you’re still living, but there could be federal—and possibly state—gift tax considerations, depending on how much you give away.
If you have a complex estate with sizeable assets and multiple beneficiaries, it’s even more critical to get the right guidance on managing your estate to maximize what goes to your beneficiaries—and minimize what may have to go to Uncle Sam. This could include the estate tax, or death tax, from the federal government and some states. Certain states also have an inheritance tax.
All this can get pretty complicated, and you may want to consider hiring a tax professional and/or an estate planning attorney.