Buying silver outright gives investors the most direct exposure to investing in this precious metal
Generally, silver is cheaper and more volatile relative to gold
When thinking of investing in precious metals, gold may be the first thing that comes to mind. Although silver sometimes gets hidden behind gold’s shine, that doesn’t necessarily make it less sparkly. That’s because although silver may be a less expensive cousin to the yellow metal, its value generally tends to be more volatile.
In early February 2020, the April 2020 gold futures contracts were trading at around $1,560 per ounce compared to about $17.60 per ounce for April silver futures. But silver can have an edge on gold. It draws demand from the investment arena as a precious metal and sees greater commercial demand for use in industrial applications. So the price of silver is likely to be influenced by its industrial demand.
Silver is used in the solar energy industry and to some extent as a replacement for lithium batteries that power laptops. So the growing demand from solar energy products may have helped silver gain popularity as an investment. Looking at a chart of silver futures versus gold futures (see figure 1), the two metals appear to move in sync for the most part, although there are times when they outperform each other.
FIGURE 1: IS THERE A SILVER LINING? Silver futures (/SI, candlestick) and gold futures (/GC, purple line) generally move in sync, although there are times when one outperforms the other. Data source: CME. Chart source: the TD Ameritrade thinkorswim platform. For illustrative purposes only. Past performance does not guarantee future results.
The Allure of Precious Metals
Why all the interest in precious metals? There are several factors that may attract investors:
- Physical demand. One reason investors have been drawn to precious metals is the potential of significant physical demand growth, driven in particular by consumers in China and India.Flight to safety. Global events such as virus outbreaks, politics, and trade wars could give rise to uncertainty in global equity markets. This may drive investors to assets such as precious metals, because they’re often thought to retain their value. Although past performance does not guarantee future results.Negative rates. Low interest rates increase the appeal, to some, of precious metals
Looking Beyond the Luster
If an investor is considering adding silver to their portfolio, there are different ways to go about it.
Screening for Silver
If you’re considering adding silver to your portfolio but aren’t sure where to start, consider using screeners. Here are two ways:
- Screening for stocks. Log in to your TD Ameritrade account. Under the Research & Ideas tab, select Screeners > Stocks. Select the Create a Screen tab. Then under Sector, Industry & Sub-Industry, select Materials > Metals & Mining > Silver.
- Screening for silver ETFs, ETNs, and other ETPs. To screen for potential ETFs, under the Research & Ideas tab, select Screeners > ETFs. Select the Create a Screen tab and under Overview, select Morningstar Category > and either Commodities Precious Metals or Equities Precious Metals.
Buy the metal outright. This may be the most straightforward way to invest in silver, but the investor may have to pay markups and commissions. They’ll also have to think about how to store the metal.
Invest in stocks of silver-related companies. Silver mining companies and firms involved in the production, distribution, and use of the metal can be considered silver-related companies. Generally, the profit margins of silver companies are thought to correlate with the price of silver. However, the investor should consider other factors such as geopolitics, corporate governance, energy, and labor costs. It’s a good idea to research the different companies before investing in them.
Invest in silver exchange-traded products (ETPs). Silver ETPs such as exchange-traded funds (ETFs) could give the investor exposure to silver, but keep in mind all ETFs aren’t alike. They each have a different mix of silver assets, such as the physical metal, futures, options, or other investments that correlate with silver price movement. TD Ameritrade clients can learn more about available ETPs by using screeners (see sidebar).
Before investing in an ETF, be sure to carefully consider the fund’s objectives, risks, charges, and expenses. For a prospectus containing this and other important information, contact us at 888-669-3900. Please read the prospectus carefully before investing.
Exchange-traded notes (ETNs) are not funds and are not registered investment companies. ETNs are not secured debt and most do not provide principal protection. ETNs involve credit risk. The repayment of the principal, any interest, and the payment of any returns at maturity or upon redemption depend on the issuer’s ability to pay. The market value of an ETN may be impacted if the issuer’s credit rating is downgraded. ETNs may be subject to specific sector or industry risks. Leveraged and inverse ETNs are subject to substantial volatility risk and other unique risks that should be understood before investing. ETNs containing components traded in foreign currencies are subject to foreign exchange risk. ETNs may have call features that allow the issuer to call the ETN. A call right by an issuer may adversely affect the value of the notes.
Trade silver futures and options. This may be an efficient way to participate in the silver market, but it carries risks. “Trading activity in silver futures tends to be thinner than gold,” said JJ Kinahan, chief market strategist at TD Ameritrade. Average daily volume, or the number of contracts traded each day, has been rising for both gold and silver, but the yellow metal still reveals higher levels of liquidity. Thinner or less liquid markets can leave traders potentially vulnerable to large and volatile price moves. Look before you leap. “If the investor is fairly new to trading or new to futures trading, this is probably not the springboard commodity—the liquidity can be tricky,” Kinahan commented. “Everything is not for every trader. More experienced traders might consider a pairs trading strategy using gold and silver,” Kinahan added. Pairs trading allows investors to trade two correlated securities in an attempt to profit on a regression toward (or divergence from) their historical relationship.
Get schooled: If you are new to futures trading, check out “An Introduction to Futures and Options” from CME.
Risks to Consider
Although consumer and investor demand could rise significantly, because of higher market volatility and increasing geopolitical risk, there are a number of potentially offsetting headwinds for precious metals. For example, a strong U.S. economy and U.S. dollar could make precious metals a less attractive investment.
Futures and futures options trading are speculative and are not suitable for all investors. Please read the Risk Disclosure for Futures and Options prior to trading futures products.
Investments in commodities are not suitable for all investors as they can be extremely volatile and can be significantly affected by world events, import controls, worldwide competition, government regulations, and economic conditions.